The state of Texas is so large that just traveling around the region can be a great task that requires extensive organization. Just the sheer size of the area means that there are some places where the infrastructure is sparse, so different methods of transport are needed in order to reach certain places.
The state is twice the size of Germany and the transport is controlled by the Texas Department of Transportation. The size of the State that the northern part is virtually in the center of the country. From the Dallas area truck companies claim that they can reach 37% of the nation in less than 24 hours and 97% of the nation in less than 48 hours. The roads of the state are vitally important and the 80,000 miles of freeway is more than in any other state. The roads are designed to get people to their destinations quickly with speeds limits reaching 85mph, which is higher than in any other state. Many of the high ways are toll roads that pay for the huge investment that has been made on the roads.
Many of the roads have numerous exists off the main freeways and in the need to cope with congestion around the major cities there are HOV lanes. These high occupancy vehicle lanes are particularly used around the major cities such as Houston. The “Texas T” is a ramp exit system in the center of the freeway where the HOV lane is situated, so that vehicles can enter and leave the freeway.
The need to get people around the state quickly means that there are a number of airports that serve the region. The Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport is the second largest airport in the United States and the fourth largest in the world. The airport is the home of American Airlines and makes daily flights to 176 other cities in the United States.
The second largest airport in the State is the George Bush Intercontinental Airport in Houston. It actually serves more destinations than Dallas Fort Worth and is the nineteenth busiest airport in the world for passenger traffic. The most impressive fact of air travel in Texas is that there are 730 airports in the State which means that most Texans can travel to most destinations in the country reasonably quickly despite living in some of the most remote areas of the nation.
As well as there being huge numbers of airports, there is also a large amount of seaports. There are 1,150 ports that are situated along the coastline and they employ over a million people. The largest port is the port of Houston which is the busiest port in the United States.
Like many other Ports Houston is connected to other inland cities by waterways that have been man-made. The Houston Shipping Channel connects the cities terminals with the Gulf of Mexico. It has been built by widening previous natural waterways and it is 530 feet wide, 45 feet deep and travels for 50 miles. The successful transport policy has proved that it is possible, with good planning, to successfully connect even the remotest areas in the state. This has helped the economic progress of Texas.